November verübte Georg Elser im Münchner Bürgerbräukeller einen Bomben-Anschlag auf Adolf Hitler und nahezu die gesamte NS-Führungsspitze. Allerdings fiel die Rede Hitlers wesentlich kürzer aus, als Elser gedacht hatte. Da Hitler nach Berlin zurückkehren musste, verließ er mit anderen hohen NS-. November durchkreuzte das schlechte Wetter Georg Elsers Plan, Adolf Hitler und seine Henker zu stoppen. Der Tischler von der.
BR-NavigationNovember verübte Georg Elser im Münchner Bürgerbräukeller einen Bomben-Anschlag auf Adolf Hitler und nahezu die gesamte NS-Führungsspitze. 13 Minuten haben darüber entschieden, dass der Plan von Georg Elser, Hitler und die gesamte Nazi-Führung im Münchner Bürgerbräukeller. Johann Georg Elser war ein deutscher Kunstschreiner und Widerstandskämpfer gegen den Nationalsozialismus. Am 8. November führte er im Münchner Bürgerbräukeller ein Sprengstoffattentat auf Adolf Hitler und nahezu die gesamte.
Elser Hitler Synopsis et détails VideoHans Elser: Der Hitler-Attentäter Georg Elser Warum Seitenzahlen Einfügen Libre Office der eine zum Ideal des Widerstandskämpfers gegen das Naziregime, während der andere in Vergessenheit geriet? Weil Nebel über München herrschte, konnte er nicht fliegen, sondern musste mit dem Zug zurück nach Berlin reisen. Luftaufnahme des KZ Dachau.
In a flash, the room filled with smoke and dust, and a blast wave raced through the building, shattering windows and blowing out doors.
The tables and stools in the centre of the hall were splintered to matchwood; the central pillar was destroyed, and both the gallery and the ceiling came crashing down into the room.
The dais and lectern, where Hitler had been standing, were crushed. I was thrown back two metres, falling into the rubble, while all hell broke loose above me.
When I came to my senses, I was lying on my stomach with my right arm over the foot of my comrade. I did not know at the time that he was already dead.
Small in stature, with unruly, dark hair, and a pinched, slightly troubled expression, Elser had been an average school pupil and was something of a loner, with few friends and an innate contentment with his own company.
Growing up in rural poverty, he had been apprenticed as a carpenter and eked out a meagre living from woodworking.
Elser turned out to watch, but as those around him gave the Hitler salute, he refused to do likewise.
That autumn, as war appeared to loom during the Czech Crisis, he resolved that he was going to assassinate Hitler. Telling no one, he began to plot, and after visiting Munich in to observe the Nazi ceremonies surrounding the anniversary of the Beer Hall Putsch, he spotted a golden opportunity.
First, he took a job in an armaments factory in his home town, where he stole a fuse and some gunpowder. Then he found another job in a nearby quarry, where he acquired explosives and a detonator.
Having no experience of such matters, he experimented, testing prototype bombs in the fields around his home. Rotbuch, Berlin , ISBN In: Schauspielhaus Bochum Hrsg.
Schauspielhaus Bochum, Bochum Hörspiel mit Originaltexten zu Georg Elser. Auf georg-elser-arbeitskreis.
Abgerufen am 2. Mai September April Autorenkürzel rau. Abgerufen am 5. November deutsch. Oktober The Zither Player. Dieser Artikel ist als Audiodatei verfügbar:.
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Buch erstellen Als PDF herunterladen Druckversion. Commons Wikiquote. Franz Xaver Ritter von Epp. Ulrich Graf. Heinrich Hoffmann. Reichsleiter der NSDAP, Beauftragter für geistige und weltanschauliche Schulung und Erziehung der NSDAP.
Christian Weber. Friedrich Weber. Langjähriger Hitler-Anhänger, SA - Sturmhauptführer entspricht Hauptmann , Stellv. Führer der NSKK -Motorstandarte Seit NSDAP-Mitglied, Inhaber des grünen Dauerausweises für Alte Kämpfer.
SA-Mitglied, Haupteinsatzleiter beim Reichsautozug, war im Saal für Auf- und Abbau technischer Apparaturen zuständig, seit elf Monaten verheiratet.
NSDAP-Mitglied, Alter Kämpfer, Oberamtmann a. Wenige Meter davon entfernt informiert eine hintergrundbeleuchtete Infotafel im Gasteig über den Attentäter.
Wandplatte an der Georg Elser Gedenkstätte Königsbronn in dem Ort, wo Elser aufwuchs und später auch in den er Jahren lebte.
Symbolisches Grab auf dem Friedhof in Itzelberg, das anlässlich seines Geburtsjahrs errichtet wurde; tatsächlich wurde die Asche seiner Leiche aber im April irgendwo in der Nähe des Krematoriums vom KZ Dachau verscharrt.
Gedenksäule von Clemens Hunger im Stadtteil Vauban. Da das ursprüngliche Pappelholz verrottet war, wurde sie abgebaut und durch eine neue Stele aus Robinienholz ersetzt.
Sie wurde von der Ernst Freiberger-Stiftung gestiftet. Jahrestages von Elsers Festnahme enthüllt. Statue von Friedrich Frankowitsch im Andenken an Elsers Die aus Stahlresten abstrakt gestaltete 2,20 Meter hohe Skulptur zeigt Elser, reisefertig in Richtung München mit Dynamitstangen im Koffer auf den Zug der Brenzbahn wartend.
Die Silhouette wird bei Dunkelheit beleuchtet. Touristisches Hinweisschild an der Autobahn A7 zwischen Aalen-Westhausen und Aalen-Oberkochen.
Gedenkstein im KZ Sachsenhausen , wo Elser von bis ganz in der Nähe im Zellenbau in der aus drei Zellen zusammengelegten Zelle 13 als Sonderhäftling untergebracht war.
Der Betonblock symbolisiert die Gesellschaft im NS-Regime, für Elser steht ein Holzblock, der in einen quadratischen Ausschnitt passt und mit seinem Werkstoff dessen Beruf als Schreiner aufgreift.
Altes Lager Niedergörsdorf. Berg bei Neumarkt in der Oberpfalz. Burgdorf Region Hannover. Geislingen an der Steige.
Heidenheim - Schnaitheim. Georg-Elser-Weg . Meckenheim Rheinland. Weingarten Württemberg. Elder knew from his research that Hitler started his speech every year at about p.
So, he set the timer of his bomb to explode at precisely p. Hitler had initially planned on flying back to Berlin after his speech to work on plans for the war now that it was officially underway.
However, local weather reports called for dense fog on Nov. So, Hitler decided to return to Berlin using a private train. However, this necessitated moving the start time of his speech up to p.
As a result, Hitler concluded his speech at p. When darkness fell, he headed out towards the border on foot and attempted to cross, but was quickly stopped and arrested by border guards.
Wikimedia Commons Adolf Hitler pays final respect to the seven victims of the Bürgerbräukeller bombing. Feldherrenhalle Monument, Munich, Germany, When the border guards received news about the attempted assassination, they transferred Elder to Munich, where the Gestapo interrogated him.
Additional evidence was gathered that was overwhelming. Additionally, one of the waitresses from the beer hall identified Elser as did one of the men he purchased materials from in Munich.
German Resistance Memorial Center Photos taken by officials at Dachau concentration camp after Georg Elser was transferred there in He was executed on April 9, , just weeks before Germany would surrender to the Allies.
Elser signed a confession on the 15th of November, Trivia During the interrogation of Elser by the German scientists, he is injected with Pervitin, which was the early version of what is known nowadays as crystal meth.
Goofs In the first flashback to , two young boys are shown trading cards of airplanes. One of the cards shows a Messerschmidt Bf, which one boy also calls a "Messerschmidt".
But the Bf had its first flight only in and entered service not until , so it would not have been featured in a trading cards game. Quotes Georg Elser : If humanity isn't free, everything dies with it.
Connections Referenced in La noche de Was this review helpful to you? Yes No Report this. Frequently Asked Questions This FAQ is empty.
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Language: German. Filming Locations: Germany. Runtime: min. Color: Color. Edit page. Clear your history. Heinrich Müller. Josef Schurr. In order to find out how best to implement his assassination plan, Elser travelled to Munich by train on 8 November , the day of Hitler's annual speech on the anniversary of the Beer Hall Putsch.
He stayed until midnight before going back to his lodging. The next morning, he returned to Königsbronn. He continued to work in the Waldenmaier armament factory in Heidenheim and systematically stole explosives, hiding packets of powder in his bedroom.
Realising he needed the exact dimensions of the column to build his bomb he returned to Munich, staying 4—12 April He took a camera with him, a Christmas gift from Maria Schmauder.
He had just become unemployed due to an argument with a factory supervisor. In April—May , Elser found a labouring job at the Vollmer quarry in Königsbronn.
While there, he collected an arsenal of blasting cartridges and detonators, causing him to admit to his interrogators, "I knew two or three detonators were sufficient for my purposes, but I thought the surplus will increase the explosive effect.
In July, in a secluded orchard owned by his parents, Elser tested several prototypes of his bomb. Clock movements given to him in lieu of wages when leaving Rothmund in Meersburg in and a car indicator "winker" were incorporated into the "infernal machine".
In August, after a bout of sickness, he left for Munich. Powder, explosives, a battery and detonators filled the false bottom of his wooden suitcase.
Other boxes contained his clothes, clock movements and the tools of his trade. Elser arrived in Munich on 5 August Using his real name, he rented a room in the apartments of two unsuspecting couples, at first staying with the Baumanns and from 1 September, Alfons and Rosa Lehmann.
He soon became a regular at the Bürgerbräukeller restaurant for his evening meal. Over the next two months, Elser stayed all night inside the Bürgerbräukeller 30 to 35 times.
Working on the gallery level and using a flashlight dimmed with a blue handkerchief, he started by installing a secret door in the timber panelling to a pillar behind the speaker's rostrum.
After removing the plaster behind the door, he hollowed out a chamber in the brickwork for his bomb. He then left via a rear door, often carrying a small suitcase filled with debris.
Security was relatively lax at the Bürgerbräukeller. Christian Weber , a veteran from the Beer Hall Putsch and the Munich city councillor, was responsible.
While he worked at night in the Bürgerbräukeller, Elser built his device during the day. He purchased extra parts, including sound insulation, from local hardware stores and became friends with the local master woodworker, Brög, who allowed him use of his workshop.
On the nights of 1—2 November, Elser installed the explosives in the pillar. To celebrate the completion of his work, Elser recalled later, "I left by the back road and went to the Isartorplatz where at the kiosk I drank two cups of coffee.
On 6 November, Elser left Munich for Stuttgart to stay overnight with his sister, Maria Hirth, and her husband. Leaving them his tool boxes and baggage, he returned to Munich the next day for a final check.
The next morning he departed Munich by train for Friedrichshafen via Ulm. The high-ranking Nazis who accompanied Adolf Hitler to the anniversary of the Beer Hall Putsch on 8 November were Joseph Goebbels , Reinhard Heydrich , Rudolf Hess , Robert Ley , Alfred Rosenberg , Julius Streicher , August Frank , Hermann Esser and Heinrich Himmler.
Hitler was welcomed to the platform by Christian Weber. Unknown to Elser, Hitler had initially cancelled his speech at the Bürgerbräukeller to devote his attention to planning the imminent war with France, but changed his mind and attended after all.
As fog was forecast, possibly preventing him from flying back to Berlin the next morning, Hitler decided to return to Berlin the same night by his private train.
By that time, Hitler and his entourage had left the Bürgerbräukeller. The bomb brought down part of the ceiling and roof and caused the gallery and an external wall to collapse, leaving a mountain of rubble.
About people were still in the hall at the time. Seven were killed the cashier Maria Henle, Franz Lutz, Wilhem Kaiser, a radio announcer named Weber, Leonhard Reindl, Emil Kasberger, and Eugen Schachta.
Hitler did not learn of the attempt on his life until later that night on a stop in Nuremberg. When told of the bombing by Goebbels, Hitler responded, "A man has to be lucky.
My leaving the Bürgerbräu earlier than usual is proof to me that Providence wants me to reach my goal. In Munich on 9 November, the annual guard of honour for the sixteen "blood martyrs" of the NSDAP who died in the Beer Hall Putsch of was held at the Feldherrnhalle as usual.
Two days later, at the same location, an official ceremony for the victims of the Bürgerbräukeller bombing took place. Hitler returned from Berlin to stand before seven flag-draped coffins as Rudolf Hess addressed the SA guard, the onlookers, and listeners to Grossdeutsche Rundfunk "Greater German Radio".
In his half-hour oration, Hess was not short on hyperbole:. At this time the German people take their sad leave of the victims of a gruesome crime, a crime almost unparalleled in history The perpetrators of this crime have succeeded in teaching the German people to hate After " Der gute Kamerad " was played, Hitler placed a wreath of chrysanthemums on each coffin, then stepped back to lift his arm in the Nazi salute.
The very slow playing of " Deutschland über alles " ended the solemn ceremony. When taken to the border control post and asked to empty his pockets he was found to be carrying wire cutters, numerous notes and sketches pertaining to explosive devices, firing pins and a blank colour postcard of the interior of the Bürgerbräukeller.
The next day, Elser was transferred by car to Munich Gestapo Headquarters. While still returning to Berlin by train, Hitler ordered Heinrich Himmler to put Arthur Nebe , head of Kripo Criminal Police , in charge of the investigation into the Munich bombing.
Himmler did this, but also assigned total control of the investigation to the chief of the Gestapo, Heinrich Müller.
Müller immediately ordered the arrest of all Bürgerbräukeller personnel, while Nebe ran the onsite investigation, sifting through the debris.
Nebe had early success, finding the remains of brass plates bearing patent numbers of a clock maker in Schwenningen , Baden-Würtemberg.
Despite the clear evidence of the German make, Himmler released to the press that the metal parts pointed to "foreign origin". Himmler offered a reward of , marks for information leading to the capture of the culprits, and the Gestapo was soon deluged with hundreds of suspects.
When one suspect was reported to have detonator parts in his pockets, Otto Rappold of the counter-espionage arm of the Gestapo sped to Königsbronn and neighbouring towns.
Every family member and possible acquaintance of Elser was rounded up for interrogation. At the Schmauder residence in Schnaitheim, year-old Maria Schmauder told of her family's recent boarder who was working on an "invention", had a false bottom in his suitcase, and worked at the Vollmer quarry.
On 9 November, as only one of many suspects being held at Munich Gestapo Headquarters, Elser did not attract much attention for a few days, but when face-to-face meetings took place with Bürgerbräukeller staff, waitress Maria Strobl identified Elser as the odd customer who never ordered more than one drink.
Later, on the basis of his Swabian accent, Elser was identified by a storekeeper as the man to whom he had sold a "sound proofing insulation plate" to deaden the sound of ticking clocks.
Nebe called in Franz Josef Huber , head of the Gestapo in Vienna , to assist.Georg Elser (Hermaringen, 4 janvier – Dachau, 9 avril ) est une figure majeure mais longtemps méconnue de la résistance contre le nazisme: le 8 novembre , il tente d’éliminer Hitler dans le but «d’empêcher la poursuite de la guerre», déclenchée deux mois plus tôt avec l'attaque de la Pologne par l’Allemagne.. Ancien membre de l'Union des combattants du Front. In November , Georg Elser 's attempt to assassinate Adolf Hitler fails, and he is arrested. During his confinement, he recalls the events leading up to his plot and his reasons for deciding to take such drastic action. Elser, Un Héros ordinaire est un film réalisé par Oliver Hirschbiegel avec Christian Friedel, Katharina Schüttler. Synopsis: Allemagne, 8 Novembre Adolf Hitler . A German opponent of Nazism. He planned and carried out an assassination attempt on Adolf Hitler on 8 November in Munich, and he also planned to assassinate Hermann Goering and Joseph Goebbels. Georg Elser Hitler's would-be killer BBC History Magazine | Christmas In the latest instalment of our occasional series profiling remarkable yet unheralded characters from history, ROGER MOORHOUSE introduces a little-known carpenter-turned-assassin whose daring attempt to kill Hitler almost succeeded. GEORG ELSER At pm on November 8, , a massive explosion rocked a Munich beer hall, the Bürgerbräukeller. The apparent attempt to assassinate Adolf Hitler was headline news around the world. Henrich Himmler was quick to blame the exiled Nazi leader Otto Strasser and the British Secret Service. Elser, Hitler's would-be assassin honored in Berlin Berlin has publicly commemorated Georg Elser with a ceremony a new monument in his name. Georg Elser planted a bomb in an attempt to assassinate. Unlike many of his fellows, however, Elser despised Hitler, blaming the Nazis – rather than the strict terms of the Treaty of Versailles, or the Jews – for his straitened circumstances. Typical in this regard was his reaction when a Nazi parade marched through his home town of Königsbronn in Elsewhere, everyone who might have had contact with Elser was hunted down and interrogated by the Gestapo. Maria Kostenloses Internetfernsehen Martin Maria Abram By day, Elser worked on his timer and detonator.