Das Park & Spa Hotel Markovo begrüßt Sie in ruhiger Lage in Markowo, einem Wohngebiet von Plowdiw. So ziemlich alles, nettes Personal die ein jeden. Plowdiw, die Kulturhauptstadt , vereint seit Jahren Kulturen und hat ein neues Szeneviertel. Ein Rundgang. Wer weiss schon, wo Plowdiw liegt? Dabei ist Bulgariens zweitgrösste Stadt ein Juwel mit einer über jährigen Geschichte. Dieses Jahr ist.
Bulgarien: Ein Besuch in der Kulturhauptstadt PlowdiwDas Park & Spa Hotel Markovo begrüßt Sie in ruhiger Lage in Markowo, einem Wohngebiet von Plowdiw. So ziemlich alles, nettes Personal die ein jeden. Plowdiw. Plowdiw ist die erste Stadt Bulgariens, die als Kulturhauptstadt Europas ausgewählt wurde. Sie liegt in Süd-Zentral-Bulgarien. Der internationale Flughafen Plowdiw (auch Flughafen Krumowo, bulgarisch Летище Пловдив) liegt in Bulgarien nahe dem Dorf Krumowo, ca. 20 km südlich.
Plowdiw Индекс на страниците VideoPlowdiw (Plovdiv) Kulturhauptstadt Europa 2019 - Reisebericht Най-бързата и актуална информация от Пловдив. Всички събития от града на едно място. © - Медия груп 24 ООД. Plovdivbg - Всички права запазени. С всяко отваряне на страница от Plovdivbg, се съгласявате с Общите условия за ползване на сайта и политика за поверителност на личните данни (обновени). Юношески водещи новини На 27 и 28 февруари се подновява сезонът при Деца "Център" - Юношески водещи новини В контрола: Банско записа победно срещу юнгите на Хебър Юношески водещи новини Ясна е. Подробна карта на Пловдив с информация за улици, адреси, забележителности и обществени. Radio Plovdiv aware of its educational and cultural functions and aims to be the mediator and the voice of the people creating the Bulgarian science, art and culture.
In Late Antiquity , Philippopolis was an important stronghold, but was sacked in during the Crisis of the Third Century ,  after the Siege of Philippopolis by the Goths led by Cniva.
After this the settlement contracted, though it remained a major city, with the city walls rebuilt and new Christian basilicas and Roman baths constructed in the 4th century.
In the Middle Ages , Philippopolis fell to the Bulgars of the First Bulgarian Empire in , during the reign of Boris I r.
On 4 January , at the end of the Russo-Turkish War — , Plovdiv was taken away from Ottoman rule by the Russian army. It remained within the borders of Bulgaria until July of the same year, when it became the capital of the autonomous Ottoman region of Eastern Rumelia.
In , Plovdiv and Eastern Rumelia joined Bulgaria. There are many preserved ruins such as the ancient Plovdiv Roman theatre , a Roman odeon , a Roman aqueduct , the Plovdiv Roman Stadium , the archaeological complex Eirene, and others.
The oldest American educational institution outside the United States , the American College of Sofia , was founded in Plovdiv in and later moved to Sofia.
On 5 September , Plovdiv was selected as the Bulgarian host of the European Capital of Culture alongside the Italian city of Matera.
Plovdiv was given various names throughout its long history. Strabo identified Philip II's settlement of most "evil, wicked" ponerotatus as Calybe Kabyle ,  whereas Ptolemy considered the location of Poneropolis different than the rest.
Later Roman coins mentioned the name which is possibly derived from Thracian god Kendriso who is equated with Apollo,  the cedar forests, or from the Thracian tribe artifacts known as the kendrisi.
At times the name was Ulpia , Flavia , Julia after the Roman families. In the 6th century CE, Jordanes wrote that the former name of the city was Pulpudeva Latin : PVLPVDEVA and that Philip the Arab named the city after himself.
Although the two names sound similar, they may not share the same origin as Odrin and Adrianople do, and Pulpudeva may have predated the other names   meaning "lake city" in Thracian.
Plovdiv is located on the banks of the Maritsa river, southeast of the Bulgarian capital Sofia. The city is in the southern part of the Plain of Plovdiv , an alluvial plain that forms the western portion of the Upper Thracian Plain.
From there, the peaks of the Sredna Gora mountain range rise to the northwest, the Chirpan Heights to the east, and the Rhodope mountains to the south.
It is the most densely populated city in Bulgaria, with 3, inhabitants per km 2. Inside the city proper are six syenite hills. At the beginning of the 20th century, there were seven syenite hills, but one Markovo tepe was destroyed.
Plovdiv has a humid subtropical climate Köppen climate classification Cfa with considerable humid continental influences.
There are four distinct seasons with large temperature jumps between seasons. Plovdiv sometimes experiences very hot days which are typical in the interior of the country.
Summer nights are mild. Autumn starts in late September; days are long and relatively warm in early autumn. The nights become chilly by September.
The first frost usually occurs by November. Winter is normally cold and snow is common. The average number of days with snow coverage in Plovdiv is Spring begins in March and is cooler than autumn.
The frost season ends in March. The days are mild and relatively warm in mid-spring. The wettest months of the year are May and June, with an average precipitation of Mists are common in the cooler months, especially along the banks of the Maritsa.
Roman writer Lucian. The history of Plovdiv spans more than eight millennia. Numerous nations have left their traces on the twelve-metre-thick foot cultural layers of the city.
The earliest signs of habitation in the territory of Plovdiv date as far back as the 6th millennium BCE.
The town was a fort of the independent local Thracian tribe Bessi. The town was conquered by Philip II of Macedon ,  and the Odrysian king was deposed in BCE.
Ten years after the Macedonian invasion, the Thracian kings started to exercise power again after the Odrysian Seuthes III had re-established their kingdom under Macedonian suzerainty as a result of a successful revolt against Alexander the Great 's rule resulting in a stalemate.
In 72 BCE, the city was seized by the Roman general Marcus Lucullus but was soon restored to Thracian control.
In 46 CE, the city was finally incorporated into the Roman Empire by emperor Claudius ;  it served as the capital of the province of Thrace and gained city status in the late 1st century.
Although it was not the capital of the Province of Thrace, the city was the largest and most important centre in the province.
The city had an advanced water system and sewerage. In a second wall was built to encompass Trimontium which had already extended out of the Three hills into the valley.
Many of those are still preserved and can be seen by tourists. Today only a small part of the ancient city has been excavated. In the city was captured and looted after the Battle of Philippopolis by the Goths , led by their ruler Cniva.
Many of its citizens, , according to Ammianus Marcellinus , died or were taken captive. However, it was destroyed again by Attila 's Huns in — and by the Goths of Teodoric Strabo in An ancient Roman inscription written in Ancient Greek dated to — AD were discovered in the Great Basilica.
The inscription refers to the Dionysian Mysteries and also mentions Roman Emperors Valerian and Gallienus. It has been found on a large stele which was used as construction material during the building of the Great Basilica.
The Slavs had fully settled in the area by the middle of the 6th century. This was done peacefully as there are no records for their attacks.
It was captured by Khan Krum in , but the region was fully incorporated into the Bulgarian Empire in during the reign of Khan Malamir.
The city remained in Bulgarian hands until Aime de Varennes in encountered the singing of Byzantine songs in the city that recounted the deeds of Alexander the Great and his predecessors over years before.
Byzantine rule was interrupted by the Third crusade — when the army of the Holy Roman emperor Frederick Barbarossa conquered Philippopolis.
Ivanko was appointed as the governor of the Byzantine Theme of Philippopolis in , but between and separated it from Byzantium in a union with Bulgaria.
The Latin Empire conquered Philippoupolis in , and there were two short interregnum periods as the city was twice occupied by Kaloyan of Bulgaria before his death in The city was possibly at times a vassal of Bulgaria or Venice.
Ivan Asen II conquered the duchy finally in but the city had possibly been conquered earlier. According to some information, by Philippopolis was a possession of Theodore Svetoslav of Bulgaria.
It was conquered from Byzantium by George Terter II of Bulgaria in In the city and eight other cities were surrendered to Bulgaria by the regency for John V Palaiologos as the price for Ivan Alexander of Bulgaria 's support in the Byzantine civil war of — In the Ottoman Turks under Lala Shahin Pasha seized Plovdiv.
Refugees settled in Stanimaka. Plovdiv served as a sanjak centre within Rumelia between and , the sanjak centre in Silistra Eyalet between and , the sanjak centre in Eyalet of Adrianople between and , and the sanjak centre of Edirne Vilayet between and During that period, Plovdiv was one of the major economic centers in the Balkans, along with Istanbul Constantinople , Edirne , Thessaloniki , and Sofia.
The richer citizens constructed beautiful houses, many of which can still be seen in the architectural reserve of Old Plovdiv. From the early 15th century till the end of 17th century the city was predominantly inhabited by Muslims.
Under the rule of the Ottoman Empire , Filibe as the city was known at that time was a focal point for the Bulgarian national movement and survived as one of the major cultural centers for Bulgarian culture and tradition.
Filibe was described as consisting of Turks, Bulgarians, Hellenized Bulgarians, Armenians, Jews, Vlachs, Arvanites, Greeks, and Roma people.
In the 16—17 century a significant number of Sephardic Jews settled along with a smaller Armenian community from Galicia.
The Paulicians adopted Catholicism or lost their identity. The abolition of Slavonic as the language of the Bulgarian Church as well as the complete abolition of the church in and the introduction of the Millet System led to ethnic division among people of different religions.
Christian and Muslim Bulgarians were subjected to Hellenization and Turkification respectively. A major part of the inhabitants was fully or partly Hellenized due to the Greek patriarchate.
The "Langeris" are described as Greeks from the area of the nearby Stenimachos. The process of Hellenization flourished until the s but declined with the Tanzimat as the idea of the Hellenic nation of Christians grew and was associated with ethnic Greeks.
The re-establishment of the Bulgarian Church in was a sign of ethnic and national consciousness. Thus, although there is a little doubt about the Bulgarian origin of the Gulidas, the city could be considered of Greek or Bulgarian majority in the 19th century.
Filibe had an important role in the struggle for Church independence which was, according to some historians, a peaceful bourgeois revolution.
Filibe became the center of that struggle with leaders such as Nayden Gerov , Dr Valkovich, Joakim Gruev , and whole families.
In the first Bulgarian school was inaugurated, and in , modern secular education began when the "St Cyrill and Methodius" school was opened.
On 11 May , the day of Saints Cyril and Methodius was celebrated for the first time; this later became a National holiday which is still celebrated today but on 24 May due to Bulgaria's transition from the Old Style Julian to the New Style Gregorian calendar.
In in the Church of Virgin Mary , the Christmas liturgy was served for the first time in the Bulgarian language since the beginning of the Ottoman occupation.
Until there were Bulgarian and Greek bishops in the city. In the school expanded into the first grammar school. Some of the intellectuals, politicians, and spiritual leaders of the nation graduated that school.
The city was conquered by the Russians under Aleksandr Burago for several hours during the Battle of Philippopolis on 17 January According to the Russian census of the same year, Filibe had a population of 24, citizens, of which ethnic Bulgarians comprised According to the Treaty of San Stefano on 3 March , the Principality of Bulgaria included the lands with predominantly Bulgarian population.
Plovdiv which was the biggest and most vibrant Bulgarian city was selected as a capital of the restored country and for a seat of the Temporary Russian Government.
It separated the autonomous region of Eastern Rumelia from Bulgaria, and Plovdiv became its capital.
The Ottoman Empire created a constitution and appointed a governor. In the spring of , Zahari Stoyanov formed the Secret Bulgarian Central Revolutionary Committee in the city which actively conducted propaganda for the unification of Bulgaria and Eastern Rumelia.
On 5 September, several hundred armed rebels from Golyamo Konare now Saedinenie marched to Plovdiv. In the night of 5—6 September, these men, led by Danail Nikolaev, took control of the city and removed from office the General-Governor Gavril Krastevich.
A provisional government was formed led by Georgi Stranski , and universal mobilization was announced. Today, 6 September is celebrated as the Unification Day and the Day of Plovdiv.
After the unification, Plovdiv remained the second most populous city in Bulgaria after the capital Sofia. The first railway in the city was built in connecting it with the Ottoman capital, and in , it was linked with Sofia.
In Plovdiv became the host of the First Bulgarian Fair with international participation which was succeeded by the International Fair Plovdiv.
After the liberation, the first brewery was inaugurated in the city. In the beginning of the 20th century, Plovdiv grew as a significant industrial and commercial center with well-developed light and food industry.
In the electrification of Plovdiv has started. German, French, and Belgian capital was invested in the city in the development of modern trade, banking, and industry.
In there were 16, craftsmen and 17, workers in manufacturing factories, mainly for food and tobacco processing.
During the Second World War, the tobacco industry expanded as well as the export of fruit and vegetables. In , 1, Jews were saved from deportation in concentration camps by the archbishop of Plovdiv, Cyril , who later became the Bulgarian Patriarch.
In the city was bombed by the British-American coalition. On 6 April the first trolleybus line was opened and in the s the Trimontsium Hotel was constructed.
In the s and s, there was a construction boom and many of the modern neighborhoods took shape. In the s and s, antique remains were excavated and the Old Town was fully restored.
In the sports complex "Plovdiv" was finished. It included the largest stadium and rowing canal in the country. In that period, Plovdiv became the birthplace of Bulgaria's movement for democratic reform, which by had garnered enough support to enter government.
Plovdiv has hosted specialized exhibitions of the World's Fair in , , and The population by permanent address for the municipality of Plovdiv for is ,,  which makes it the second in population in the nation.
According to data from the National Institute of Statistics NSI , the population of people who actually live in Plovdiv is , At the first census after the Liberation of Bulgaria in with 24, citizens,  Plovdiv is the second largest city behind Ruse , which had 26, citizens then,  and ahead of the capital Sofia , which had 20, citizens then.
As of the census, Plovdiv was the largest city in the country for several years with 33, inhabitants compared to 30, for Sofia. According to the census, Plovdiv was the second largest city with , inhabitants compared to , for the capital.
In its ethnic character Plovdiv is the second or the third-largest cosmopolitan city inhabited by Bulgarians , after Sofia and possibly Varna.
Stolipinovo in Plovdiv is the largest Roma neighbourhood in the Balkans , having a population of around 20, alone; further Roma ghettos are Hadji Hassan Mahala and Sheker Mahala.
Therefore, the census number is a deflation of the number of Roma people, and they are most likely the second-largest group after the Bulgarians, most of all because the Muslim Roma in Plovdiv claim to be of Turkish ethnicity and Turkish-speaking at the census " Xoraxane Roma".
Like elsewhere in the country, Roma people are subjected to discrimination and segregation See the Bulgaria section of the article Antiziganism.
After the Wars for National Union Balkan Wars and World War I , the city became home for thousands of refugees from the former Bulgarian lands in Macedonia , Western and Eastern Thrace.
Many of the old neighbourhoods are still referred to as Belomorski , Vardarski. Most of the Jews left the city after the foundation of Israel in , as well as most of the Turks and Greeks.
The vast majority of the inhabitants are Christians, mostly Eastern Orthodox , Catholics, Eastern Catholics , and Protestant trends Adventists , Baptists and others.
There are also some Muslims and Jews. In Plovdiv, there are many churches, two mosques and one synagogue see Plovdiv Synagogue.
The St Louis Roman Catholic Cathedral. Plovdiv is the administrative center of Plovdiv Province which consists of the Municipality of Plovdiv, the Maritsa municipality , and the Rodopi municipality.
The mayor of the Municipality of Plovdiv, Ivan Totev ,  with the six district mayors represent the local executive authorities.
The Municipal Council which consists of 51 municipal counsellors, represents the legislative power, and is elected according to the proportional system by parties' lists.
All the deputy mayors and the secretary control their administrative structured units. According to the Law for the territorial subdivision of the Capital municipality and the large cities,  the territory of Plovdiv Municipality is subdivided into six district administrations with their mayors being appointed following approval by the Municipal Council.
In the villages of Proslav and Komatevo were incorporated into the city. In the municipalities of Maritsa and Rodopi were separated from Plovdiv which remained their administrative center.
In the last several years, the inhabitants from those villages had taken steps to rejoin the "urban" municipality. The city has more than archaeological sites,  30 of which are of national importance.
There are many remains from antiquity. Plovdiv is among the few cities with two ancient theatres; remains of the medieval walls and towers; Ottoman baths and mosques; a well-preserved old quarter from the National Revival period with beautiful houses; churches; and narrow paved streets.
There are numerous museums, art, galleries and cultural institutions. Plovdiv is host to musical, theatrical, and film events.
The Ancient theatre Antichen teatur is probably the best-known monument from antiquity in Bulgaria. It revealed that the site was constructed at the 90s of the 1st century CE.
The inscription itself refers to Titus Flavius Cotis, the ruler of the ancient city during the reign of Emperor Domitian.
The Ancient theatre is situated in the natural saddle between two of the Three Hills. It is divided into two parts with 14 rows each divided with a horizontal lane.
The theatre could accommodate up to 7, people. The theatre was studied, conserved, and restored between and Many events are still held on the scene  including the Opera Festival Opera Open, the Rock Festival Sounds of the Ages, and the International Folklore festival.
The Roman Odeon was restored in It was initially built as a bulevterion, an edifice of the city council, and was later reconstructed as a theatre.
The Ancient Stadium  is another important monument of the ancient city. It was built in the 2nd century during the reign of the Roman Emperor Hadrian.
It is situated between Danov Hill and one of the Three Hills, beneath the main street from Dzhumaya Square to Kamenitsa Square.
It was modelled after the stadium in Delphi. It was approximately metres feet long and 50 metres feet wide, and could seat up to 30, spectators.
The athletic games at the stadium were organised by the General Assembly of the province of Thrace. In their honour, the royal mint of Philippopolis coined money featuring the face of the ruling emperor as well as the types of athletic events held in the stadium.
Only a small part of the northern section with 14 seat rows can be seen today; the larger part lies under the main street and a number of buildings.
The Roman forum dates from the reign of Vespasian in the 1st century and was finished in the 2nd century.
It is near the modern post office next to the Odeon. It has an area of 11 hectares and was surrounded by shops and public buildings.
The forum was a focal point of the streets of the ancient city. The Eirene Residence is in the southern part of the Three Hills on the northern part of an ancient street in the Archeological underpass.
It includes remains of a public building from the 3rd—4th centuries which belonged to a noble citizen. Eirene is the Christian name for Penelopa, a maiden from Megadon, who was converted to Christianity in the 2nd century.
There are colourful mosaics which have geometrical forms and figures. On Nebet hill are the remains of the first settlement which in 12th century BC grew to the Thracian city of Eumolpias, one of the first cities in Southeastern Europe.
Massive walls surrounding a temple and a palace have been excavated. The oldest part of the fortress was constructed from large syenite blocks, the so-called "cyclopean construction".
The Eastern Gate. Mosaics in Eirene residence. The Archaeological Museum was established in as the People's Museum of Eastern Rumelia.
The museum contains a rich collection of Thracian art. The three sections "Prehistory",  "Antiquity",  and "Middle Ages"  contain precious artifacts from the Paleolithic to the early Ottoman period 15th—16th centuries.
The Plovdiv Regional Historical Museum  was founded in as a scientific and cultural institute for collecting, saving, and researching historical evidence about Plovdiv and the surrounding region from 16th to 20th centuries.
The exhibition is situated in three buildings. The Plovdiv Regional Ethnographic Museum was inaugurated in On 14 October , it was moved to a house in the Old Town.
In the Municipal House-museum was reorganized as a People's Ethnographic Museum and in it was renovated. There are more than 40, objects.
The Museum of Natural Science was inaugurated in in the old edifice of the Plovdiv Municipality built in It is among the most important museums in the country with rich collections in its Paleontology , Mineralogy , and Botanic sections.
There are several rooms for wildlife and it contains Bulgaria's largest freshwater aquarium with 40 fish species. The museum possesses 59 aircraft and indoor and outdoor exhibitions.
The Old Town of Plovdiv is a historic preservation site known for its Bulgarian Renaissance architectural style.
Almost every house in the Old Town has its characteristic exterior and interior decoration. Church of St Constantine and Helena. Plovdiv Regional Ethnographic Museum.
Plovdiv Regional Historical Museum. Hindliyan House. There are a number of 19th-century churches, most of which follow the distinctive Eastern Orthodox construction style.
They are the Saint Constantine and Saint Helena, the Saint Marina, the Saint Nedelya, the Saint Petka, and the Holy Mother of God Churches. As the city has been a gathering center for Orthodox Christians for a long period of time, Plovdiv is surrounded by several monasteries located at the foot of the Rhodope Mountains such as "St.
George", "St. Kozma and Damian", St. Kirik, and Yulita Ulita. They remain good examples of the late Middle Age Orthodox architecture and iconography masterpieces typical for the region.
There are also Roman Catholic cathedrals in Plovdiv, the Cathedral of St Louis being the largest. There are several more modern Baptist, Methodist, Presbyterian, and other Protestant churches, as well as older style Apostolic churches.
Two mosques remain in Plovdiv from the time of Ottoman rule. The Djumaya Mosque is considered the oldest European mosque outside Moorish Spain.
The Sephardic Plovdiv Synagogue is at Tsar Kaloyan Street 13 in the remnants of a small courtyard in what was once a large Jewish quarter. Dating to the 19th century, it is one of the best-preserved examples of the so-called "Ottoman-style" synagogues in the Balkans.
According to author Ruth E. Gruber, the interior of the Plovdiv Synagogue is a "hidden treasure…a glorious, if run-down, burst of color.
All surfaces are covered in elaborate, Moorish-style, geometric designs in once-bright greens and blues. Torah scrolls are kept in the gilded Aron-ha-Kodesh.
The Plovdiv Drama Theatre  is a successor of the first professional theatre group in Bulgaria founded in The Plovdiv Puppet Theatre, founded in , remains one of the leading institutions in this genre.
The Plovdiv Opera was established in Another pillar of Plovdiv's culture is the Philharmonic, founded in The orchestra has toured in almost all of the European countries.
The Trakiya Folklore Ensemble, founded in , has performed thousands of concerts in Bulgaria and more than 42 countries.
The Detska Kitka Choir is one of the oldest and best-known youth choirs in Bulgaria and the winner of numerous awards from international choral competitions.
The Evmolpeya choir is another girls' choir from Plovdiv, whose establishing patron, Ivan Chomakov , became the then mayor in The choir was appointed a Goodwill Ambassador and a municipal choir.
Plovdiv is among the nation's primary literary centres. In Hristo G. Danov created the first Bulgarian publishing company and printing-press.
The library was founded in  and named after the famous Bulgarian writer and poet Ivan Vazov who worked in Plovdiv for five years creating some of his best works.
The city has traditions in iconography since the Middle Ages. The Painters' Society was established there by artists from southern Bulgaria in whose members included painters Zlatyu Boyadzhiev , Tsanko Lavrenov and Sirak Skitnik.
Today the city has more than 40 art galleries with most of them being privately owned. The Art Gallery of Plovdiv was founded in the late 19th century.
Since , it has had a section for Mexican art donated by Mexican painters in honour of the 1,year anniversary of the Bulgarian State.
On 5 September , Plovdiv was selected as the Bulgarian host of European Capital of Culture in After Plovdiv was elected as European Capital of Culture in , an ambitious cultural program has started its realisation.
According to this program, there will be an Island of Arts in the middle of the Maritsa River in Plovdiv. The "Kapana" area the "Trap" will become a quarter of the arts where the creative industries are going to be developed and presented.
This famous area, Kapana, was renovated in , restoring its authentic outlook. It has been used for a number of festivals and art events, attracting visitors from all over Bulgaria and the world.
For the City Under the Hills is planning a number of concerts, including "Balkan Music in Plovdiv". The city will host the Plovdiv Biennale and a number of international forums, such as a meeting of collectors from Europe, a summer art school, dance projects, etc.
Although it is located in the middle of a rich agricultural region, Plovdiv's economy has shifted from agriculture to industry since the beginning of the 20th century.
So close to the main train and bus station. Just across the road. Walking distance to the main city center. Helpful and kind staff.
They had renovated the hotel and it has some unique atmosphere. Highly recommended for a short stay. All else was well taken care of. Location, right in the heart of the old city.
They allow you to enter the old city with your car and park there. They write a personal welcome note to each guest. The room is large, beds are comfortable, breakfast is good.
People who work there speak English, and are all very nice, helpful and friendly. Highly recommended! Nice and beautiful rooms , very clean and comfortable beds.
The staff is very professional friendly and pleasant. Very interesting hotel - top class. On the wall are original paints and the internal design is perfect.
The location is super — in the heart of the old town. Since the hotel is located in a high place we started our walk down by foot to the town and returned with taxi.
The staff is very helpful young mans with perfect English. Excellent small hotel in excellent place.