Mit ihren kleinen Holzflugzeugen griffen sie in der Dunkelheit an, deshalb nannten die Deutschen sie "Nachthexen". Irina Rakobolskaja war eine von ihnen. Die Historikerin Evelyn Zegenhagen über russische Kampfpilotinnen im Zweiten Weltkrieg. Nachthexen hießen die Pilotinnen von improvisierten. Viele Russen übernahmen den Spitznamen Nachthexen. Das Regiment wurde von Marina Raskowa gegründet, es erhielt die Bezeichnung.
Die „Nachthexen“ – Russische Frauen als Pilotinnen im WWIIDie Historikerin Evelyn Zegenhagen über russische Kampfpilotinnen im Zweiten Weltkrieg. Nachthexen hießen die Pilotinnen von improvisierten. Als Nachthexen waren sie Teil der Roten Armee. Frauen bildeten im Zweiten Weltkrieg ein Nachtbomber-Geschwader, das Nachtbomberregiment – von den deutschen Soldaten wurden sie die "Nachthexen" genannt. In der Dokumentation "Stalins Elite-Kämpferinnen".
Nachthexen Navigation menu VideoNight Swallows - Episode 1. Russian Tv Series. StarMedia. Military Drama. English Subtitles
Many had lost brothers or sweethearts, or had seen their homes and villages ravaged. Seeing an opportunity, Raskova petitioned Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin to let her form an all-female fighting squadron.
Marina Raskova, Moscow, On October 8, , Stalin gave orders to deploy three all-female air force units.
The women would not only fly missions and drop bombs, they would return fire—making the Soviet Union the first nation to officially allow women to engage in combat.
Previously, women could help transfer planes and ammunition, after which the men took over. Raskova quickly started to fill out her teams.
From more than 2, applications, she selected around women for each of the three units. Most were students, ranging in age from 17 to Those selected moved to Engels, a small town north of Stalingrad, to begin training at the Engels School of Aviation.
They underwent a highly compressed education—expected to learn in a few months what it took most soldiers several years to grasp. Each recruit had to train and perform as pilots, navigators, maintenance and ground crew.
Beyond their steep learning curve, the women faced skepticism from some of the male military personnel who believed they added no value to the combat effort.
Raskova did her best to prepare her women for these attitudes, but they still faced sexual harassment, long nights and grueling conditions.
Edit Artist. Dark, DiY synth-punk band from Sheffield UK. Formed August Ended May Dort wurde zum Jahresende mit der Aufstellung des Regiments begonnen.
Ab Februar begann die Formierung und das Training der Besatzungen unter der Bezeichnung Nachtbombenfliegerregiment Am Mai wurde die Einheit als Teil der Nachtbombenfliegerdivision unter Dmitri Popow innerhalb der 4.
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Release Dates. Official Sites. Company Credits. Technical Specs. Plot Summary. In total, people served in the regiment, of whom 32 died of various causes including plane crashes, combat deaths and tuberculosis.
Senior Engineer Sofiya Ozerkova was sentenced to death by a military tribunal in , but she was later acquitted after her sentence was suspended and she was reinstated to her position.
Both of them were retrained as navigators, but Frolova was killed in action in Twenty-three personnel from the regiment were awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union , two were awarded Hero of the Russian Federation , and one was awarded Hero of Kazakhstan.
On 8 October , Order number specified the creation of three women's regiments—all personnel from technicians to pilots would be entirely composed of women.
The other two regiments were the th Fighter Aviation Regiment , which used Yak-1 fighters, and the th Bomber Aviation Regiment , which used twin engine Pe-2 dive bombers.
Later the unit received the Guards designation and reorganized as the th Guards Bomber AviationRegiment. The th's woman commander, Major Tamara Aleksandrovna Kazarinova , was replaced by a man, Major Aleksandr Vasilievich Gridnev , in October The th Regiment was originally under the command of Marina Raskova , but after her death in , a male commanding officer, Major Valentin Vasilievich Markov, replaced her.
The th's Petlyakov Pe-2 dive bombers also required a tall person to operate the top rear machine gun, but not enough women recruited were tall enough, requiring some men to join the aircrews as radio operator and tail gunner.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. All-women Soviet aviation unit. For other uses, see Night Witches disambiguation. A Polikarpov Po-2 , the aircraft type used by the regiment.
Aviation portal World War II portal. The New York Times.Senior Engineer Sofiya Ozerkova was sentenced to death by a military tribunal inBelegung Usb she was Nachthexen acquitted after her sentence was suspended and she was reinstated to her position. And they did all that while decorating their planes with flowers and using Centurion Fight Or Die Schauspieler navigation pencils as lipcolor. Archived from the original PDF on February 25,